Take the Career of a Lawyer With the Online Law Degree


You need to have higher education if you want to have an improved career. Accordingly, if you are interested in becoming a professional lawyer, you must acquire higher degrees in law and the best way of obtaining one is through online law degree. This is the distance learning process which suits many people who are otherwise engaged in other professions or studying in colleges and cannot afford regular time to attend the normal course of the study.

Higher education requires both time and finance and everyone cannot afford them easily, where the online education programs come to the rescue of several young aspirants who wish to do well in their careers. Through the online law degree course, you are able to get the education that you wish to acquire to help your career to develop. You are able to turn your professional career into a bright future with this online law degree once you get enrolled in this program.

You will truly realize the gain of this education system on legal matters and experience the process to be highly convenient due to the absence of any kind of restriction. You will get your law degree without many hassles and in your own style of time- frame without disturbing your present occupation. You will find it most suitable for people like you who need to have online law degree for the enhancement of the career through online platform like many in the world. Programs are devised in such a manner that task, assignments and tutorials are fully downloadable to justify your taking up the online course for the upgrading to enrich your desire of higher education.

Program details

An online law degree is a subject involving the judicial system. The main intention is to impart the knowledge on the judicial or legal studies of the entire system. Candidates are desirous to become lawyers or high government officials who must have the knowledge of the legal system and allied applications. People in law enforcement departments, several other related government agencies and security agencies require high quality legal advisors or professionals to administer the departments efficiently to run the business according the present legal formalities of a place. Legal side of any organization attracts major importance from the administrative point of view in running of the industry and professionals in this segment are in very high demand in corporate organizations throughout the nation. Hence, obtaining an online law degree enables a person to obtain rewarding job offers from many renowned organizations.

Eligibility criteria

Candidates aspiring for Online law degrees should have certain fixed eligibility levels to get enrollment in the study courses. The minimum educational qualification for such a degree is the certificate from high school. If the candidate aspires for higher studies like the master’s degree or research programs for doctoral achievements, the minimum qualification is a bachelor’s degree in law. There ere several law schools who hold tests for admission in the law school. You get plenty of materials for taking needful preparation for such test examinations which help candidates to do well in them.

You should know that the courses in law contain parts of psychology and social studies as very important features for judicial studies required for the online law degree. You must acquire proper reading, writing and speech attributes to match your study courses to do well in practice of law for a bright professional career. Practicing of law requires the understanding of motives of clients and you should be able to identify the pulse of clients and have the power of reasoning to tackle a case properly. Competence in online law degree courses come with mastering of these qualities for a wonderful professional career in the practice of law.

What makes a top quality Legal Translator?

Legal translation services are fast becoming the most important sub-sector in the translation services industry. From the perspective of the employer, it is possibly the most difficult area to recruit for because it requires an almost inconceivable amount of cross-discipline skill from the prospective employees. Here are the three main attributes to consider when searching for a good legal translator:

1. Fluency in the specialised language – Many companies are guilty of applying a chronic over emphasis on the ‘legal’ part of the ‘legal translator’ job title. This is a massive error because it places undue weight on the importance of an exceptional legal resume, suggesting that such legal skill is ample compensation for sub-fluency in a target language. This overlooks the remit of the legal translator to spot each and every cultural nuance, regional phrase or linguistic intricacy in the foreign legal document. Failure to recognise such things can result in poor translations and legal penalties – so don’t settle for anything less than fluent perfection.

2. Versatility is key – Possessing a wide and varied legal knowledge is much better than possessing a specialised knowledge, when it comes to legal translation. A versatile approach is vital in order to engage in the preliminary client consultation period and to know instinctively when separate legal specialists must be brought on board for advice. Essentially the translator must be a networker for legal extremities – a middle-man who knows enough about every corner of the legal market to make good judgement calls. The translator is, first and foremost, there for their language skills. Legal skills should be judged on the merits of the individual’s ability to understand client demands, not on their ability to argue a case in court. This is a fact that often evades employers and they are sometimes left with a misfit individual who cannot appreciate the tamer needs of low-level clients.

3. Legal administrative experience trumps court experience – Following on from the aforementioned point, a serious pitfall that often catches out employers is the tendency to overlook legal back-of-office employees. Many ‘big-shot’, court-dwelling lawyers who possess fluency in a target language catch the eye of employers and are immediately sought after. However, these suave professionals are often not suited to the more time-consuming, administrative aspects of the translation process. Background legal employees, many of whom make their way through the less glamorous routes of chartered accountancy and building society legislation, are infinitely more suited to the qualitatively tinged, data-driven rigours of legal translation.

Buying and selling Real Estate Laws in Portugal

Buying and selling property is always tricky, whether you’re a legal resident, buying a vacation home, timeshare, office building or simply investing in the Portuguese real estate market, buying or selling is always an adventure in bureaucracy. As with your home country, there are regulations, requirements and rules to consider. Murphy’s Law holds that anything that can go wrong will go wrong.

Knowing the ropes, due diligence and expert assistance can make your transaction move forward more easily, if not more smoothly.

Lawyer or no lawyer?

Portuguese law used to require a notary, which is kind of like a minor solicitor, but that is no longer required. It’s a good idea to retain an attorney (avogado) or solicitor (solicitador).

Licensed realtor

Unlicensed realtors abound, so ask for the realtor’s AMI number. It should be printed on all company collateral, such as Web sites, brochures, business cards and letter head.

A licensed realtor has the state-required qualifications and uses the required documentation.
The INCI, the government department regulating real estate, also bonds realtors.
Seller pays the agent’s fees, usually 3% – 5%, plus tax (21%).
The mortgage

Unless it’s a cash transaction, as a buyer you need a mortgage, whether fixed or variable rate. If you go to a Portuguese bank, you’ll need to supply the bank with:

Proof of income, including bank statements
Health records (to be sure you don’t die before you pay the mortgage off)
Life insurance to cover the mortgage (see above)
Property valuation, blueprints, etc.
Residency card, passport and identification
The process

If you are a first-time buyer, you’ll need a fiscal number (cartão de contribuinte) before you can open a bank account.

The local tax office (finanças) can provide you with one, and it’s very easy to obtain.
The bank will also need copies of your birth certificate and passport.
When you’ve agreed a price (buying or selling), there’s a legally binding promissory contract (contrato de compra e venda) to execute.

At that time, a 10% – 20% deposit is required.
A lawyer will (or has already) prepare the contract and it must be signed on licensed premises or before a notary. The contract will include:
Identification of the parties
Identification (article number) of the property
Deposit amount
Signing date (closing date for the final deed-escritura)
Other considerations such as: use of the property before closing, etc.
Once signed, any default incurs penalties:

Seller’s default requires the seller to pay buyer double his deposit
Buyer’s default means seller keeps the deposit
As with any escrow, between signing the promissory contract and final deed, your legal representative will vet the property for:

Deed: use and planning restrictions
Clear title: no outstanding debt, liens, ownership or boundary disputes (unpaid debt follows the property, not the owner, including utilities and taxes)
Habitability: no unapproved building modifications and that the property has an occupancy license (licença de habitação)
Agreed fixtures and fittings in place
Once finalized, you’ll need to register the escritura with the Land Registry (Conservatoria do Registo Predial), tax office (Autoridade Tributária) and utility companies.

Registration with the Land Registry makes you the legal owner.
You’ll need your fiscal number for registration.

Real estate Law – The Deed Document

Though deeds vary from state to state, all deeds contain basically the same information. The names of the grantor, the words of conveyance, name of the grantee, consideration of statement, property of description, the agendum, the signatures and certifications.

Each section communicates the important information about the nature of the parties or the property or the transaction. Since the deed is the heart of most real estate transactions, it must be scrutinized carefully by both the buyer and there seller, if they’re to protect their interests. The person giving up ownership is the grantor.

Then the person receiving the deed is calling the grantee. The name of those exciting the deed as grantor appears first. These persons must be the owners of the estate conveyed on the order that interest to pass.

The words of conveyance generally determine which promises or warranties the grantor makes to the grantee. When the words “warrant and convey” or “grant and convey” are used, this indicates the grantor promises or warrants the following:

1. That the grantor owns the estate transferred and will pay the grantee for his or her injury if it turns out that the grantee doesn’t receive the state described in the deed.

2. There are no liens, easements, leases, mortgages or other encumbrances which bind the grantee other than those disclosed in the deed.

Deeds of this type are generally called warranty deeds or grant deeds. They are the kind that are most used today. The other major type of deed is called the quitclaim deed. The words of conveyance, for it often included the word “quitclaim. ” This deed merely transfers the grantor’s ownership, if any. No promises or warranties are implied in the deed.

If a professorship gave a student a warranty deed to the school building in exchange for $10, 000 the student could sue and recover the money if it turned out that the professor did not own the building. If however, a quitclaim deed were given, the student could not recover the money.

Quitclaim deeds are often used to remove “clouds on title. ” For example if a divorced man sold property and then died and the buyer feared that the man’s ex-wife might have a dower claim. The buyer could ask the ex-wife to execute a quitclaim deed. She might sign–perhaps in return for $75; but her lawyer would surely advise he to not to exude a warranty deed because she is not to certain that she owns any interest in the property.

New 2015 California Labor Laws

Year after year, the California legislature works hard to maintain its undisputed title as the most complicated and least employer-friendly state in the country. California’s 2014-2015 legislative session ended on August 31, 2014, with Governor Jerry Brown signing more than a dozen important employment bills into law. In future posts we will review many of these laws in more details.

For now, we provide a brief summary of the most important legislation, relevant to the majority of California employers.

AB 1522 – Paid Sick Leave

Employees who work for at least 30 days are entitled to paid sick leave, accruing at a rate of at least one hour for every 30 hours worked. An employer can cap an employee’s use of paid sick days to 3 days (24 work hours) per year. An employee is permitted to use their accrued sick days beginning on the 90th day of employment.
AB 2053 – “Prevention of Abusive Conduct” training.

Employers that currently provide mandatory sexual harassment training must add ‘prevention of abusive conduct’ to the training curriculum for managers and supervisors. Abusive conduct is defined as conduct with malice that a reasonable person would find hostile, offensive and unrelated to the employer’s legitimate business interests.
AB 1897 – Labor Contractor Requirements

Business entities with 25 or more workers that contract with staffing agencies or outside labor providers are now accountable for wage-and-hour violations. If the labor contractor fails to pay its employees properly or to provide workers’ compensation coverage, the law imposes legal responsibility on the client employer.
AB 1443 – Anti-harassment and discrimination protections against unpaid interns.

Prohibits discriminating against unpaid interns and volunteers on the basis of any legally protected classification (such as race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, etc. )#) and to prohibit sexual harassment of them.
AB 1660 – FEHA Prohibits Discrimination based on Driver’s License for Undocumented Workers

Last year, California passed AB 60 which authorized the Department of Motor vehicles to issue a special driver’s license to an undocumented person. This law makes it illegal to discriminate against an individual because they hold such a license, indicating the worker is undocumented. It further prohibits an employer to require an applicant or employee to present a driver’s license unless having one is a requirement of the job.
AB 1847 – Updating Mental Health Disorders Language

The law changes terms used to describe mental health conditions (such as “insane, ” “mentally defective, ” and “abnormal”) to “persons with a mental health disorder” or “persons who lack legal capacity to make decisions. “

2014 California Labor Law Updates, Part 2

Each year, the California legislature passes dozens of new employment laws. Well, 2014 is not exception. Here are seven new laws on a range of topics including discrimination, retaliation, and immigration protections.

Discrimination and Retaliation Protections

AB 556 – Protection for Military and Veterans

“Military and Veteran Status” is now added to the list of categories protected from employment discrimination under the Fair Employment and Housing Act.

SB 292 – Sexual Harassment Definition Clarified

This law clarifies further that sexual harassment does not need to be provoked by sexual desire. Hostile treatment can result in unlawful sexual harassment whether the behavior was motivated by sexual desire or not.

AB 263 – Protections for Exercising Rights Under Labor Code

AB 263 protects employees who assert their rights from being retaliated against by the employer. Currently this law only prohibits discharge and discrimination.

AB 263 also adds a procedure to specifically include a written or oral complaint by an employee that he or she is owed unpaid wages. If an employer fails to abide by this law, civil penalties of up to $10, 000 per employee per violation may apply.

AB 263 expanded further in Immigrant Protections section below.

Immigrant Protections

AB 263 – Retaliation and Unfair Immigration Practices

This law prohibits an employer from engaging in “unfair immigration-related practices” when an employee declares their protected rights. Specifically, an employer may not threaten to contact, or contact, immigration authorities because an employee complained that he or she was paid less than the minimum wage.

SB 666 – License Revocation for Threatening to Report Immigration Status; and

AB 524 – Criminal Extortion for Threatening to Report Immigration Status

These laws prohibit employer s from reporting, or threatening to report, an employee’s immigration status to the immigration authorities.

AB 524 sets the standard that if a person threatens to report the immigration status or suspected immigration status of an individual, his or her relative or a member of his or her family then that person may be guilty of criminal extortion.

AB 666 allows the state to suspend or revoke an employer’s business license if the employer reports, or threatens to report, the immigration status of a current or former employee, or an employee’s family member, because that employee makes a complaint about employment issues.

Employers are not subject to the suspension or revocation of a business license for requiring a worker to verify eligibility for employment under Form I-9.

AB 60 – Driver’s license for Undocumented Immigrants

AB 60 requires the California Department of Motor vehicles (DMV) to issue a driver’s license to an undocumented person who can prove identity, California residency and who can meet all other licensing requirements, such as the written and behind-the-wheel exams.

This card will not be acceptable for federal purposes and will be noted on the driver’s license. This may not be used to verify eligibility for employment or be an acceptable I-9 Form. This will not take effect until January 1st, 2015 or as soon as the Department of Motor Vehicle’s director executes a specific declaration, which can be before the estimated date.

Child custody Laws for Single Parents

Child custody is a very emotional subject and even more so for single parents who are not married. Custody battles can become very nasty when the father does not accept paternity, when unmarried parents do not live together or when a relationship comes to an end.

Child Custody Laws

We will focus on custody laws relating to mothers and fathers who have never been married to each other, with children born out of wedlock. Divorced couples may also be known as single parents, but the same laws do not always apply. As laws differ from country to country we cover general principles only. In the united states each state has its own. If you live elsewhere in the world, do an internet search for child custody laws applying to single parents.

The Rights of the Child

The basic principle remains the same for all child custody laws. The rights of the child come first. The United nations Convention on the Rights of the Child specifies that in all legal matters, countries should act in the best interests of the child. Children of single parents have the same rights as children born in wedlock.

Children’s basic rights include:

The right to life
The right to a name and nationality
The right to be cared for by his or her parents
The right to have contact with both parents
The Rights of Single Parents

Child custody describes the legal relationship between a parent and child. This relationship involves both rights and responsibilities. Rights regarding custody for single parents could include:

both biological parents have automatic custody rights
the unmarried mother has automatic custody
the unmarried mother has to apply for custody
the unmarried father has to prove paternity before applying for custody even if his name appears on the birth certificate
Types of Child custody

Most family courts support the idea of joint custody as children benefit from a strong and close relationship with both parents. Depending on the circumstances, different types of custody can be awarded to single parents

sole legal custody – one parent makes all the decisions
shared legal custody – both parents make the decisions
sole physical custody – the child lives with one parent, with the other having either unsupervised or supervised visitation rights
joint physical custody – the child spends more or less the same amount of time with each parent.
If the biological single parents are too young, or not considered fit to care for the child, the courts may award custody to a third party, such as a grandparent.

Evaluation tools for awarding custody

Courts do not use a fixed list of rules when awarding custody to single parents. A judge may consider the following factors or situations:

age of the child
best interests of the child
child’s preference
relationship between child and each parent
primary caregiver to date and impact on the child of any change
ability of the parent to provide a comfortable, stable and caring home
relationship between parents
parents’ preference
evidence of alcohol or drug abuse by either parent
Find out the custody laws for your state or country. Even if you are in a good relationship with the father or mother of your child, unmarried single parents living together should formalize all child custody issues.

Top 10 Most Important Medical Devices of the 20th Century (Infographic)

NEW YORK — Medical treatments moved forward by leaps and bounds during the 20th century, enabling quality of life to be greatly improved and for the quantity of that same life to be extended.

In addition to pharmaceutical developments, a significant number of new medical devices became commonplace in the treatment of a variety of health conditions.
Drug Lawsuit Source compiled a list of 10 of the most important medical devices to have been invented during the 20th century.

Drug Lawsuit Source

The Ins and outs Of Real estate Law

Are you looking for more information on real estate law? If so, you have come to the right place. Throughout this article we will speak about what real estate law is, as well as what a real estate lawyer can do for you.

Let’s begin our discussion by defining real estate law. This is a very broad legal area that covers both federal and state statutes, as well as common law, and deals with any legal issues surrounding real estate and property. Some areas that this law cover are the rights of homeowners, renters, and tenants, property rights and interests, buying and selling property, and landlord and rental properties. Many laws differ from state to state, making real estate law quite complex.

Whether you are buying or selling a home, a lawyer is important to your quest. While a realtor will be the one to help you find the right house or the right buyer of your house, a lawyer will review any offers and contracts to make sure that your rights are being protected and that all of your duties are clearly outlined and defined.

How can a lawyer help if you are buying a new home? If you are buying a new home a lawyer can help you to understand your contract to ensure that you are comfortable with everything outlined within it. They will also help to prepare and register all legal documents, a task that can be very time consuming if one tries to do it on their own. A lawyer will also clarify the terms of your mortgage and help assist with your banking mortgage. They will also read over all closing papers, arrange for insurance protection, and ensure that you receive a valid registered ownership.

Not only can a lawyer help you in purchasing a new home, they can also help you to sell your home. When selling your home, a real estate lawyer will help you to prepare the sale agreement, as well as the deed and power of attorney. They will also attend to the closing papers, arrange for transfers of security deposits, and arrange for insurance certificates. Most importantly, a real estate lawyer will help you during each process of selling your home and deal with any issues as they arise.

If you are interested in buying or selling your home it is important that you contact a lawyer to help you through the process. Lawyers can cost anywhere from $500 to $1500 (on average) but are well worth the cost as they save you a lot of time and stress. Search for a real estate lawyer today and ensure that, whether buying or selling a home, all of your rights are protected.

State Labor Laws That Support Better Working Environment in the Offices

Washington is one of the magnificent states in the united states of America. This state is an extra ordinary place to work. This place is famous for providing an excellent working condition to its employees. The labor and employment law in this place ensures that no injustice is done with the employees. These laws also take care of the working conditions that are being provided to the employees.

Following are some state labor laws that are been followed in Washington.

1. Laws related to The Minimum Wages
Under this law the employer has to pay a minimum wage at the rate of $8. 55 per hour. This law is applied to the agriculture as well as non agriculture sectors. This law also states that the labors who are less than 14 years must be paid at the rate of $7. 27 per hour.

2. Laws Related to Labor Law Posters.
It is necessary to post a labor law poster in the work place. The poster should be exact and updated. They should contain entire information about the health and safety, minimum wages, unemployment insurance etc.

3. Laws Related to References
According to this law the previous employer is free to give any type of non- confidential information about his previous employee. If the employer is found guilty of providing any wrong information then he is liable for punishment.

4. Laws related to Discrimination In Employment
There should be no discrimination on the basis of creed, caste, age, sex etc. If the employer is found guilty then he has to face the law. All the employees must be treated equal.

5. Laws Related to Leave.
Under this law the employees are permitted to take leave up to 12 weeks. The leave will however be unpaid.

6. Laws Related to Unemployment Benefits
This place has brilliant programs related to unemployment. This law provides compensation to the employees who have faced termination without any reason. This law forms a basis of earning of the employees at the time of unemployment.

Above are some laws that are strictly followed in Washington. If you are an employer or, are going to work in Washington then you must make sure that you are aware of all the rules and regulations. Ensure that you do not even miss a single one because if you will do so then it is sure that you are going to get punishment from the law.